As women age, the development of their reproductive system is immense, from early puberty and menstrual cycle to menopause, which ends the fertility permanently.
Women have to be more concerned about hormonal and reproductive system changes, as it may be an alarming factor for some underlying conditions which need treatment and care.
In 2025, it is presumed that more than 12% of the population will be more than 60 years of age. Almost 50% of these will be women, hence awareness about menopause and post-menopausal care is crucial. The average menopause age in India is 45 to 55, however, it may appear as early as 40. While the menstrual cycle ends with menopause, some women may experience spotting after they have menopaused. In most scenarios, experiencing brown spotting after menopause may not be concerning. However, it may be a sign of an underlying medical condition.
Here are a few questions related to spotting in menopause:
What is Brown Spotting?
Blood mixing into discharge causes brown spotting after menopause. When blood gets oxidized it turns into brown or black, as it discharges from vagina resulting in brown spotting.
What causes Brown Spotting after Menopause?
Brown spotting is usually caused by yeast infection. If the woman is suffering from any other infection, the color of the discharge may be lighter. Some of the other causes are listed below:
- Vaginal Atrophy: Decrease in hormone level during menopause causes thinning of the vaginal lining. It leads to dryness, may make it more sensitive, less flexible and more susceptible to infection and inflammation.
- Endometrial Hyperplasia: It is the inner epithelial layer of the uterus, which may get thicker after menopause. It occurs due to imbalance production between estrogen and progesterone.
- Infections: Off colored discharge may be the sign of infection. Certain factors like douching, antibiotics, diabetes and wearing tight pants increases the risk of infection.
- Lack of exercise: Women should maintain a healthy lifestyle by regular workouts after menopause. Lack of exercise may cause tighten the muscles in the uterus, resulting in dryness and itching.
- Weak immunity: Low consumption of vitamins and nutrients may cause an imbalance in the body’s metabolism resulting in low maintenance of the immune system of the body. As the immunity of the body decreases, chances of infections and abnormal discharge get high.
How critical brown spotting can be?
Prolonged and untreated discharge may lead to severe medical conditions. Although, it depends on the underlying conditions of brown discharge but if unidentified it may lead to cancer. In some scenarios, surgery may be done which is called hysterectomy for removing the cervix, ovaries and uterus.
What are the risks associated with bleeding after Menopause?
Bleeding may lead to various complications, such as:
- Hypovolemia: This is caused due to the low blood volume after excessive bleeding.
- Shock: Excessive blood loss can also lead to cardiovascular diseases and hypertension.
- Sepsis: The infection in the vagina can harbor pathogens which may spread in the bloodstream and cause sepsis.
- Endometrial Cancer: Endometrium is a layer of the uterus; hence this type of cancer occurs in the uterus. This causes abnormal bleeding and is easily detected. Patients experience severe pain in the abdominal region and in most cases, the uterus is removed completely.
- Cervical Cancer: Bleeding after menopause is a rare sign of the cancer of the cervix. This cancer develops slowly. This causes pain during sexual intercourse and abnormal vaginal discharge. Annual visits to the gynaecologists can help in the prevention and in the treatment of cervical cancer.
It is highly recommended to visit a doctor after experiencing brown spotting to early diagnose any underlying condition.
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