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What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a condition that causes damage to the eye’s optic nerve and only worsens over time. It’s often linked to a buildup of pressure, called intraocular pressure. The pressure can damage the optic nerve, which transmits images to the brain. If the damage continues, glaucoma can result in permanent vision loss.

Glaucoma is inherited and may not show signs until later in life.

Who is at risk for Glaucoma?

The following factors put you at risk for glaucoma:

  • If you are over 40 years of age
  • If you have diabetes
  • If you have a family history of glaucoma
  • Have poor vision
  • Take steroids
  • Have had trauma to the eyes

Also Read: Can gut microbiota help control Diabetes?

Can eye vitamins treat or prevent glaucoma?

There has been no concrete evidence that suggests that eye vitamins can successfully treat glaucoma once its diagnosed.

But there has been a co-relation found between dietary patterns and development of glaucoma. A large study was conducted and men and women and their eating patterns were observed for 25 years. People who had nitrate-rich green vegetables like spinach and lettuce had a lower risk of being diagnosed with glaucoma.

Some studies have also suggested that antioxidants found in green tea and tropical fruits may slow down the progress of glaucoma.

As far as eye vitamins are concerned, there is hardly any evidence to show that they can prevent or treat glaucoma. Several dietary supplements are marketed as eye vitamins. But little evidence supports that by using these products you can prevent glaucoma or reverse vision loss due to glaucoma.

The damage to the optic nerve once glaucoma hits cannot be reversed. But if you catch it early, with the help of eye drops further damage can be prevented and even vision loss can be avoided.

Glaucoma treatment always begins with prescription eye drops. These can help decrease eye pressure by improving how fluid drains from your eye or by decreasing the amount of fluid your eye makes. More than one eye drop may be advised at a time.

Your doctor can suggest you with the best course of treatment and how to manage glaucoma and prevent it from progression from vision loss. If you fall into any of the above risk factor categories, it is advised to get a regular eye check-up done once a year to maintain good eye health.

Also Read: What is Preventive Geriatrics?

Reference:

  • https://www.health.harvard.edu/diseases-and-conditions/can-any-vitamins-stop-my-glaucoma-from-getting-worse

 

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