Skin type changes with age. You might have a particular skin type when you were younger, but it might completely change as you age.
There are a variety of skin types – normal, dry, oily, combination and sensitive. How do you recognize your skin type?
Your skin is exposed to many external factors. Sun damage along with pollution are top reasons to speed up skin aging. Aging skin has three common factors – wrinkles/fine lines, dark spots (age spots) and looseness. Sun damage is irreversible. However, with a good skincare routine, you can delay skin aging.
Here’s a look at how your skincare regimen should be as per your skin type
Your skin type depends on factors like:
- Water content in your skin
- Oil content in your skin
- Skin sensitivity
If you are unsure of what your skin type is, here is a comprehensive guide of different skin types and the routine you should follow for great skin.
1. Normal Skin Type
Normal skin is neither too oily nor too dry. It has:
- Few or no imperfections
- No sensitivity
- No visible pores
- Radiant Complexion
Though this type of skin is rare to come across in older adults if you have this type of skin, you are really lucky. This skin needs minimum care. A daily CTM (Cleanse-Tone-Moisturize) routine will do wonders.
- Cleansing: Use natural cleansers like chickpea powder (besan) and turmeric or coconut oil and a warm towel to cleanse your face. These are kinder to the skin and contain natural skin lightening properties. They also help lighten age spots and other dark patches, control excess oil and soften skin.
- Toning: Neem, tulsi, mint, ginger, and camphor are all great toners for normal skin. You can boil the leaves and ginger in water and use them as natural toners. Camphor mixed with rose water is also a good toner.
- Moisturizing: Olive oil and coconut oil act as good moisturizers for normal skin.
Following the CTM routine once in the morning and once before sleeping can take care of normal skin type.
Also Read: 5 Tips for Fabulous Skin Post 60
2. Dry Skin
The most common type of aging skin is dry skin. If you have dry skin, you may notice:
- Almost invisible pores
- Dull complexion
- Red patches
- More lines
Your skin can also become itchy and inflamed. You may develop cracks on your skin and skin might begin to peel. Too much dryness results in the skin becoming rough and scaly. Dry skin is caused by many factors like genes, weather, harsh soaps, and hormonal changes.
Dry skin needs more care than normal skin. Follow this skincare routine for preventing dry skin:
- Cleansing: Use a mild cleanser. It should not be foam-based. You can also use a mixture of curd and honey to clean your skin. Such cleansers are gentle on your skin and nourish it instead of stripping it of moisture.
- Toning: Dry skin needs extremely mild toners. Cucumber juice and aloe vera are mild toners suitable for dry skin.
- Antioxidant: Use an antioxidant serum or vitamin E oil on your face prevents premature skin aging. You can include antioxidants in your diet, too
- Moisturizing: Use a hydrating moisturizer preferably with SPF. Aloe vera, buttermilk, and milk are also very good moisturizers for dry skin.
- Peeling: Dry skin tends to flake. You can often see a dandruff-like build-up of dead cells on your face and scalp. You can use a mild peel once in a fortnight to remove flaky skin.
- Face Oil: If your skin is severely dry, you could use a natural oil for your skin instead of a moisturizer.
Also Read: 7 Tips on How to Take Care of Your Dry Skin
3. Oily skin
Oily skin is when you have to blot your skin regularly. You may have:
- Enlarged Pores
- Dull and shiny skin
- Blackheads, pimples and blemished skin
- There may be breakouts and acne
Oily skin needs a separate skincare routine.
- Cleansing: Use oatmeal for gently exfoliating and cleansing the skin. Oatmeal is very useful in drawing out all impurities and cleaning pores. It is also a mild astringent and heals skin faster. Use oatmeal mixed with water and honey to cleanse your skin completely.
- Toning: Apple cider vinegar, mint leaves boiled in water, and aloe vera are the best options for toning oily skin. You could simply use ice cold water for toning your skin, too.
- Moisturizing: Choosing a moisturizer for oily skin can be quite tricky. Oily skin is also often prone to acne. Using rose petals or rose water and aloe juice to moisturize oily skin is a good option to keep your skin from becoming dehydrated.
- Masks: A good clay mask can absorb excess oil from your skin and make it glow. Multani mitti face masks are a great option. They also cool down the skin in summers.
Also Read: Home remedies for skin tightening
4. Combination Skin
Combination skin is a mixture of both dry and oily skin. Usually, the nose, a part of the cheeks and the chin are oily, while the forehead and cheeks are dry. It is important to find a middle ground to take care of such skin. This skincare routine can combine other routines.
- Cleansing: Use the cleansers you would use for oily skin. If it is too drying, use a mild cleansing solution that does not lather or foam.
- Toning: Follow the routine for oily skin.
- Moisturizing: Use a light matt moisturizer that controls oily skin while keeping your skin hydrated.
5. Sensitive skin
Sensitive skin requires the use of products that are not too harsh. Using the above given homemade ingredients suit most sensitive skin types, unless you are allergic to any ingredient.
Skin comes in many types. Each has a different routine and different products you must use. Nevertheless, once you follow the given routine, you will find your skin healthy and glowing within no time.
Also Read: 12 Ways Men Can Keep their Skin Healthy
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