Know Your Food Better: Vitamins and Minerals


1Vitamin A

Vitamin A is an essential nutrient for older adults that helps in improving vision, skin, bones and heart functioning.

2Vitamin B

Vitamin B is important for improving neurological conditions, eyesight, digestion and maintenance of the heart.

3Vitamin C

Vitamin C is required for providing anti-oxidants, immune system maintenance, teeth and gum health and healthy skin.

4Vitamin D

Vitamin D helps in improving heart function, wound healing, lowering risks of fractures and influenza infections.

5Vitamin E

Vitamin E helps in improving immunity, brain function, protecting heart and lungs.

6Vitamin K

Vitamin K present in banana, spinach and green vegetables helps in blood clotting, bone health and brain function.

7Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 is an essential nutrient required for healthy digestion, stronger bones, nervous system and better hair and skin.


Calcium is an essential mineral important for muscle contraction, blood clotting, stronger bones and better heart functioning.


Potassium present in fruits and yogurt is a mineral that helps in reducing stress and blood pressure. It also helps in reducing stress and water retention.


Magnesium is a mineral important for calcium absorption, healthy bones and heart and relieving anxiety.


Phosphorus is required in nutrition for healthy bones, digestion, protein metabolism and cell repair.


Sodium helps in balancing fluids, muscle contraction, brain function and nerve transmission.


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