Pseudo gout is a condition clinically similar with Gout i.e. sudden and painful swelling in one or more joints.
Pseudo gout is an old terminology. Now a days this condition is popularly known as CPPD (Calcium pyrophosphate deposition arthroplasty). Main difference between gout and pseudo gout is deposition of calcium pyrophosphate instead of uric acid. And unlike gout no specific treatment is available for CPPD.
Understanding The ailment
As age progresses, calcium salt gets deposited in cartilage which causes loss in structural quality of cartilage. At this stage there are no symptoms. Eventually this cartilage starts shedding as crystals into joint space and causes swelling and tenderness.
In those aged between 65 to 75 years, it affects 10% to 15% population. Over the age of 85, it affects 60% of population.
- Joint pain
- Increased temperature of skin over joint
Who’s at risk
- Patients with other diseases like osteoarthritis, hemochromatosis, etc.
No specific cause is known
- Joint deformity
- Permanent disability if not treated on time
- Examination of joint fluid will show calcium pyrophosphate crystals
- X-ray of joints
- Blood tests to rule out gout
No specific treatment known to eliminate calcium pyrophosphate crystals. So treatment is given to relieve pain and sufferings of patients.
Aspiration of joint fluid reduces pain dramatically. But using drugs as NSAIDs (pain-killers) and Colchicine is mandatory.
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