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‌Ailment

Pseudo gout is a condition clinically similar with Gout i.e. sudden and painful swelling in one or more joints.

‌Overview

Pseudo gout is an old terminology. Now a days this condition is popularly known as CPPD (Calcium pyrophosphate deposition arthroplasty).  Main difference between gout and pseudo gout is deposition of calcium pyrophosphate instead of uric acid. And unlike gout no specific treatment is available for CPPD.

 ‌Understanding The ailment

As age progresses, calcium salt gets deposited in cartilage which causes loss in structural quality of cartilage. At this stage there are no symptoms. Eventually this cartilage starts shedding as crystals into joint space and causes swelling and tenderness.

‌Probability

In those aged between 65 to 75 years, it affects 10% to 15% population. Over the age of 85, it affects 60% of population.

‌Symptoms

  • Joint pain
  • Swelling
  • Increased temperature of skin over joint
  • Redness
  • Fever

‌Who’s at risk

  • Elderly
  • Patients with other diseases like osteoarthritis, hemochromatosis, etc.

‌Causes

No specific cause is known

Everything you need to know about the Bone and Joint System

‌Complications

  • Joint deformity
  • Permanent disability if not treated on time

‌Lab examination

  • Examination of joint fluid will show calcium pyrophosphate crystals
  • X-ray of joints
  • Blood tests to rule out gout

‌Treatment

No specific treatment known to eliminate calcium pyrophosphate crystals. So treatment is given to relieve pain and sufferings of patients.

Aspiration of joint fluid reduces pain dramatically. But using drugs as NSAIDs (pain-killers) and Colchicine is mandatory.

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