Occurrences of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and End-stage Renal Disease (ESRD) are on the rise worldwide. Though there are no exact statistics available, CKD is estimated to occur to 800 people per million and ESRD approximately occurs in 150-200 people per million. These kidney diseases are more common in older adults as their organs age.

Older adults going for dialysis and kidney transplant due to kidney diseases is more than 1 lakh per year. Most of these problems are caused due to diabetes and heart disorders.

Once you turn 50, it is necessary for you to get periodically screened for kidney diseases.

Here are two tests you should take at least once a year to determine the health of your kidneys.

ACR (Albumin to Creatinine Ratio)

ACR is a urine test. Your urine sample is tested to determine the ratio of albumin to creatinine. Albumin is a protein that is essential for the body. Its presence in the urine indicates malfunctioning kidneys. A yearly test to check albumin levels in urine can help you determine your kidney health. if there is any albumin in the urine, you need medical assistance immediately.

GFR (Glomerular Filtration Rate)

GFR is a blood test. It checks your blood sample for the presence of creatinine. Creatinine is a toxin that is filtered out via urine by the kidneys. The presence of creatinine in blood indicates malfunctioning kidneys. Your doctor decides the course of treatment depending on the level of blood creatinine.

Both the ACR and GFR are inexpensive and easy tests. Get these tests done once a year to ensure your kidneys are in fit working conditions. In case of abnormal reports, you will be able to treat the disease in its early stage.

Also Read: 7 Natural Ways to Prevent Kidney Stones

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